Appropriate Treatment of Diarrhoea - Fluids

Outcome indicator, Output indicator

Indicator Phrasing

% of children aged 8 - 23/ 59 months with diarrhoea in the last two weeks who were given additional fluids
% d'enfants âgés de 8 à 23/59 mois souffrant de diarrhée au cours des deux dernières semaines qui ont reçu des liquides supplémentaires
% dětí ve věku 8-23/ 59 měsíců trpících během uplynulých 2 týdnů průjmem, kterým byl během léčby podáván zvýšený objem tekutin

Indicator Phrasing

English: % of children aged 8 - 23/ 59 months with diarrhoea in the last two weeks who were given additional fluids

French: % d'enfants âgés de 8 à 23/59 mois souffrant de diarrhée au cours des deux dernières semaines qui ont reçu des liquides supplémentaires

Czech: % dětí ve věku 8-23/ 59 měsíců trpících během uplynulých 2 týdnů průjmem, kterým byl během léčby podáván zvýšený objem tekutin

What is its purpose?

Dehydration is among the major diarrhoea-related risks. However, many caretakers mistakenly believe that children with diarrhoea should drink less. This indicator assesses the proportion of caretakers following correct practice.

How to Collect and Analyse the Required Data

Collect the following data by conducting individual interviews with a representative sample of the primary caretakers (mainly mothers). 

     

RECOMMENDED SURVEY QUESTION (Q) AND POSSIBLE ANSWERS (A)

(ask the question only if the child had diarrhoea in the last two weeks)

   

Q1When [name of the child] had diarrhoea, was s/he given nothing to drink, less than usual to drink, about the same amount, or more than usual to drink?

A1:

1) nothing to drink

2) less to drink

3) about the same

4) more to drink

5) I don't remember

   

Calculate the indicator's value by dividing the number of children who were given additional fluids by the total number of surveyed children and multiplying the result by 100.

Important Comments

1) Consider assessing also the percentage of children with diarrhoea who received: i) more fluids and correctly prepared ORS (see the ORS indicator) and ii) more fluids, correctly prepared ORS and the same or a higher amount of food (i.e. the most recommended treatment). 

    

2) This indicator relies on accurate age assessment. Since people often do not remember the exact dates of their children’s birth, the data collectors should never rely only on the information provided by caregivers and always verify the child’s age. This can be done by reviewing the child’s birth certificate or other documents; however, since many caregivers do not have such documents, it is essential that your data collectors are able to determine the child’s age by using local events calendars. Read FAO’s Guidelines (see below) to learn how to prepare local events calendars and how to train data collectors in their correct use.

Propose Improvements