Student Attendance Rate
English: % of enrolled students attending school in the given time period
French: % d'élèves inscrits à l'école dans la période donnée
Czech: % zapsaných studentů, kteří v daném období chodí do školy
What is its purpose?
The student attendance is a key prerequisite for effectiveness of any education intervention. The indicator compares the proportion of students present in school during the year to the number of children enrolled (disaggregated). The attendance is measured during spot check visits on a given number of days in a semester/ school year.
How to Collect and Analyse the Required Data
Keeping a daily record of student attendance is among teachers' and school administrators’ duties. However, in reality, the attendance data are often over- or under-reported. If you can rely on the available school records, use them. Otherwise, assess the attendance rate by using headcounts based on the following methodology:
1) At the beginning of the school year, collect the student enrolment data, divided by classes, from the school administration.
2) Perform a student headcount during surprise spot checks in target schools. You should do at least 3 surprise spot checks throughout the year/ semester. Increase the frequency if working in emergency contexts, capacity permitted.
3) The attendance rate equals to the average value of all surprise spot checks in a given period divided by the number of enrolled students.
1) Attendance rate is prone to significant seasonal differences. Do your best to collect baseline and endline data in the same months (or even weeks) of a year; otherwise it is very likely that they will not be comparable.
2) The schools should be encouraged to collect reliable student attendance data. Always share your surprise spot check attendance data (headcount) with the school administration and the teachers.
3) Selection of specific days for spot checks should take into account weekends, holidays, and seasonal and other factors affecting regular attendance (e.g. harvest season in rural areas, local festivals and celebrations, Ramadan, etc.).
4) The spot checks should be performed in all target schools (using only sample schools is not recommended) as the situation in individual schools can significantly vary.
5) Disaggregate the data by sex and specific vulnerable groups, such as minorities or children with disability.