Consumption of Iron-Rich Foods Among PLW

Outcome indicator

Indicator Phrasing

% of pregnant and lactating women who consumed an iron-rich food the previous day or night
% de femmes enceintes et allaitantes ayant consommé des aliments riches en fer le jour ou la nuit précédents
% těhotných a kojících žen, které během uplynulého dne a noci konzumovaly na železo bohatou potravinu

Indicator Phrasing

English: % of pregnant and lactating women who consumed an iron-rich food the previous day or night

French: % de femmes enceintes et allaitantes ayant consommé des aliments riches en fer le jour ou la nuit précédents

Czech: % těhotných a kojících žen, které během uplynulého dne a noci konzumovaly na železo bohatou potravinu

What is its purpose?

The indicator measures the proportion of pregnant and lactating women (PLW) who in the past day or night consumed any iron-rich food. Iron deficiency increases the risk of maternal mortality during childbirth and reduces work productivity in adults.

How to Collect and Analyse the Required Data

There are two ways of gaining the required data:

   > extracting it from your assessment of PLW’s overall dietary diversity

   > assessing the consumption of iron-rich foods only

 

In both cases, you first have to decide whether you will count as “iron-rich foods” only animal sources (iron from such sources is absorbed more easily) or also plant sources. IndiKit recommends that you report on both: 1) % of PLW who consumed animal source of iron; and 2) % of PLW who consumed animal and/or plant source of iron.

 

A) Extracting the Data from Overall Dietary Diversity Survey

1) If your survey involves collecting data for Minimum Dietary Diversity for Women (MDD-W) indicator, extract from the results the number of PLW who ate:

      i) any of the animal sources of iron – food group “meat, poultry and fish”

      ii) any of the animal and/or plant sources of iron – food groups: “meat, poultry and fish”, “dark green leafy vegetables” and “pulses (beans, peas and lentils)”

 

2) Calculate the indicator’s value by dividing the number of PLW who consumed iron-rich foods the previous day or night by the total number of interviewed PLW. Multiply the result by 100.

 

B) Assessing the Consumption of Iron Rich Foods Only

1) Follow the same methodology used for assessing MDD-W. Count the number of PLW who consumed:

      i) any of the animal sources of iron – food group “meat, poultry and fish”

      ii) any of the animal and/or plant sources of iron – food groups: “meat, poultry and fish”, “dark green leafy vegetables” and “pulses (beans, peas and lentils)”

 

2) Calculate the indicator’s value by dividing the number of PLW who consumed iron-rich foods the previous day or night by the total number of interviewed PLW. Multiply the result by 100.

Important Comments

1) The data required for this indicator is prone to seasonal variations. Do your best to collect baseline and endline data in the same period of a year; otherwise, it is very likely that they will not be comparable.

 

2) Make sure that you do not collect data during the fasting periods (such as pre-Easter or Ramadan) or during fasting days.

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